New Information and Communication technologies for development

4 May

“We talk about technology because there is nothing else to talk about if you want to sound intelligent.” Evgeny Morozov

In the article “Liberation technology: dreams, politics, history” the author Armine Ishkania try to explain us how nowadays people are developing some arguments about the power of new information and communication technologies for development (NICT4D). The main idea of NUTC4D can be construed as dealing with applications in developing countries and with disadvantaged populations around the world. This sphere of development is becoming recognized as a research area which can be a big amount of conferences and publications. A good example of the impact on development includes mobile telecommunications and radio broadcasting fighting political corruption in Burundi. ICT4D projects engage with the following issues such as access and infrastructure (providing operating systems, software, hardware, connectivity to the internet), capacity building and training (digital literacy), regulation and digital rights ( e-Government) and technical innovations (http://www.allvoices.com/contributed-news/7095722-information-and-communication-technologies-for-development).

Moreover, there is a debate between “liberation technologists” and their critics. This situation we might see with help of Evgeny Morozov, the author of  “The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom”. It is about reaching for a more complex, realistic and grounded assessment. Morozov brings up a number of examples to illustrate his main point: Internet access and social media do not automatically lead to more democracy and less oppression. He points out that social media are frequently used by the oppressors themselves to incriminate the users. During the 2009 uprising in Tehran, the Iranian government was able to use uploaded photos on Flickr to identify individuals they would prosecute. The government was also able to use these photos to crowd source – asking people to submit information about specific individuals in the photos(http://flipthemedia.com/index.php/2011/04/will-the-revolution-be-tweeted-power-and-money-still-rule-the-world/). In addition Morozov said that  “Facebook wants to make sure the accounts belong to real people that they can place ads in front of”.

Therefore, a year after calling for a global spread of Internet freedoms to match others, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton discussed the Web’s effect on the recent Egyptian uprising and its potential for liberation and repression elsewhere. “The ways that citizens and the authorities used the Internet reflected the power of connection technologies on the one hand as an accelerant of political, social and economic change, and on the other hand as a means to stifle or extinguish that change”(http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/washington/2011/02/hillary-clinton-internet-web-freedom.html). She said that governments such as Iran were using the same tools to crush opposition. Also cited Cuba, Myanmar and Vietnam as among those seeking to curb Internet freedoms.

Also you can see more information on this site:

http://www.opendemocracy.net/armine-ishkanian/liberation-technology-dreams-politics-history;

http://www.josseybass.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-047044214X.html;

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